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  1. Prevalence and control of arterial hypertension in the south-east of Spain : A radical but still insufficient improvement.

    Article - En anglais

    Stroke mortality rates in Spain are one of the highest in all of Europe.

    At the same time, the Murcia region (south-east Spain) shows, for both genders, the highest age-adjusted stroke mortality rates in all of Spain.

    The earliest available hypertension figure estimations for this area go back to 1981, when a high prevalence combined with an almost nonexistent control was detected.

    One decade later, updated prevalence estimations of hypertension are presented jointly with their degree of control and their association with other risk factors based on the results of a prevalence survey in a random population sample (n=3,091).

    Arterial blood pressure was measured following the MONICA protocol, maintaining a tight quality control on between and within-observer variability.

    As hypertensive was considered any person with systolic blood pressure (SBP) = 140 mmHg or with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) = 90 mmHg or with antihypertensive pharmacological treatment.

    Detected prevalence rises to 32.3% (CI 95% : 29.1% - 35.5%) among males and to 23.7% (CI 95% : 21.4% - 26%) among females, maintaining its level regarding figures observed back in 1981.

    However, its control has been increased, especially among hypertensive women [from less than 5% in 1981 to 35% (95% CI : 32% - 37.8%) at present]. Hypertension is strongly associated to hipercholesterolemia, overweight, obesity and diabetes (p<0.01). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Espagne, Europe, Sud est, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Surveillance, Niveau étude, Facteur risque, Appareil circulatoire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Spain, Europe, Southeast, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Surveillance, Education level, Risk factor, Cardiovascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0423148

    Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 19/12/1997.