Viral hepatitis is a serious health problem throughout the world.
No recent prevalence data on hepatitis A, B and C were available for the population in Flanders, Belgium.
For this reason, a sero-epidemiological study was undertaken in 1993-1994 in a sample of the general population.
The purpose of this study was to obtain a clear picture of the prevalence of hepatitis A, B and C. Between April 1993 and February 1994,4,058 blood samples were drawn and collected in 10 hospitals in Flanders.
The study group was representative for the Flemish population.
For hepatitis A a seroprevalence of 55.1% was found.
In the non-Belgian residents the HAV prevalence was significantly higher than in Belgians (62% versus 52% ; X2=8.05 ; p - 0.005).
For hepatitis B, 9.9% of the study group showed serological evidence of hepatitis B markers : 6.9% of the participants was positive for anti-HBs/anti-HBc, 0.7% appeared to be HBsAg positive and 3.5% was solely anti-HBs positive.
The prevalence of HBV markers in Belgians was 6.9%, significantly lower compared to the 13.4% among non-Belgians (X2=14.05 ; p=0.00018). 4055 serum samples were analysed for hepatitis C serology by second generation anti-HCV tests.
Anti-HCV was detected in 0.87% of the serum samples.
No statistically significant difference was found in HCV prevalence between Belgians and non-Belgians. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale A, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale B, Hépatite virale C, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Belgique, Europe, Homme, Sérologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Flandres
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis A, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis B, Viral hepatitis C, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Belgium, Europe, Human, Serology, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0423144
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 19/12/1997.