This paper deals with subjects seeking counselling and testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ; it analyses which sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics are related to beliefs concerning HIV infection and to HIV seropositivity.
A one month survey among individuals who attended HIV testing in three anonymous and free centers (CIDAGs) was carried out in Paris city, on March 1994. 2059 subjects completed a self-administered questionnaire.
Data collected included demographic information, sexual and IVDU behavior, and HIV seropositivity.
Subjects also had to evaluate their own risk of getting the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and the perceived risk of getting AIDS in specific situations such as unprotected anal/vaginal intercourse with a casual partner, with multiple partners, with a seropositive partner, current dental treatment, French kiss, etc....
Multiple linear and logistic regressions have been used to model the dependent variables.
Subjects correctly evaluated the risk level of HIV transmission associated with different situations, and women, young men and those engaged in homo/bisexual behavior were in general more conscious of the increased danger resulting from high risk sexual practices.
Among males, homo/bisexuals, drug users and the less educated considered themselves to be more at risk. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Séropositivité, Epidémiologie, Connaissance, Croyance, Comportement sexuel, Toxicomanie, Perception sociale, Prise risque, Dépistage, France, Europe, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Facteur sociodémographique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Seropositivity, Epidemiology, Knowledge, Belief, Sexual behavior, Drug addiction, Social perception, Risk taking, Medical screening, France, Europe, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Sociodemographic factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0420930
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 19/12/1997.