logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. A large community outbreak of salmonellosis caused by intentional contamination of restaurant salad bars.

    Article - En anglais

    Context. - This large outbreak of foodborne disease highlights the challenge of investigating outbreaks caused by intentional contamination and demonstrates the vulnerability of self-service foods to intentional contamination.

    Objective

    - To investigate a large community outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium infections.

    Design

    - Epidemiologic investigation of patients with Salmonella gastroenteritis and possible exposures in The Dalles, Oregon.

    Cohort and case-control investigations were conducted among groups of restaurant patrons and employees to identify exposures associated with illness.

    Setting

    - A community in Oregon.

    Outbreak period was September and October 1984.

    Patients

    - A total of 751 persons with Salmonella gastroenteritis associated with eating or working at area restaurants.

    Most patients were identified through passive surveillance ; active surveillance was conducted for selected groups.

    A case was defined either by clinical criteria or by a stool culture yielding STyphimurium.

    Results

    - The outbreak occurred in 2 waves, September 9 through 18 and September 19 through October 10.

    Most cases were associated with 10 restaurants, and epidemiologic studies of customers at 4 restaurants and of employees at all 10 restaurants implicated eating from salad bars as the major risk factor for infection.

    Eight (80%) of 10 affected restaurants compared with only 3 (1 1%) of the 28 other restaurants in The Dalles operated salad bars (relative risk, 7. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Salmonellose, Bactériose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Communauté, Contamination, Etiologie, Restaurant, Salade, Etude cohorte, Evaluation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Organisation santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Salmonellosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Epidemiology, Community, Contamination, Etiology, Restaurant, Salad, Cohort study, Evaluation, Human, United States, North America, America, Digestive diseases, Public health organization

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0417650

    Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 19/12/1997.