A controlled trial of an educational program to prevent low back injuries.
Background Low back injuries are common and costly, accounting for 15 to 25 percent of injuries covered by workers'compensation and 30 to 40 percent of the payments made under that program.
The high costs of injury, the lack of effective treatment, and the evidence that there are behavioral risk factors have led to widespread use of employee education programs that teach safe lifting and handling.
The effectiveness of those programs, however, has received little rigorous evaluation.
Methods We evaluated an educational program designed to prevent low back injury in a randomized, controlled trial involving about 4000 postal workers.
The program, similar to that in wide use in so-called back schools, was taught by experienced physical therapists.
Work units of workers and supervisors were trained in a two-session back school (three hours of training), followed by three to four reinforcement sessions over the succeeding few years.
Injured subjects (from both the intervention and the control groups) were randomized a second time to receive either training or no training after their return to work.
Results Physical therapists trained 2534 postal workers and 134 supervisors.
Over 5.5 years of follow-up, 360 workers reported low back injuries, for a rate of 21.2 injuries per 1000 worker-years of risk.
The median time off from work per injury was 14 days (range, 0 to 1717) ; the median cost was $204 (range, zero to $190,380). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Rachis lombaire, Travailleur, Programme éducatif, Prévention, Poste, Evaluation, Homme, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Lumbar spine, Worker, Educational schedule, Prevention, Postal service, Evaluation, Human, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0417139
Code Inist : 002B30B02A. Création : 19/12/1997.