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  1. Assessing the impact of HIV risk reduction counseling in impoverished African American women : A structural equations approach.

    Article - En anglais

    We assessed changes in cognitive, psychological, and risky behavior latent variables after traditional or specialized AIDS education after 2 years using structural equation modeling (SEM) in a sample of impoverished at-risk African American women (N=300).

    Both groups reported significant improvement at 2 years in their self-esteem and social resources.

    They also reported less threat perception, avoidant coping, emotional disturbance, HIV risk behavior, and drug use behavior.

    There was an advantage to specialized group membership.

    When compared with the traditional group at 2 years, women in the specialized group reported enhanced social resources, reduced emotional distress, less use of an avoidant coping style, and less drug use.

    We discuss advantages of culturally sensitive HIV risk reduction programs and the importance of connecting women with social services available in their communities.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Education santé, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Femme, Homme, Pauvreté, Ethnie, Noir américain, Modèle équation structurale, Programme sanitaire, Evaluation, Prévention, Changement comportement, Cognition, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health education, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Woman, Human, Poverty, Ethnic group, Black American, Structural equation modeling, Sanitary program, Evaluation, Prevention, Behavior change, Cognition, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0415764

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 19/12/1997.