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  1. Occupational injury and illness in the United States : Estimates of costs, morbidity, and mortality.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To estimate the annual incidence, the mortality, and the direct and indirect costs associated with occupational injuries and illnesses in the United States in 1992.

    Design 

    Aggregation and analysis of national and large regional data sets collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the National Council on Compensation Insurance, the National Center for Health Statistics, the Health Care Financing Administration, and other governmental bureaus and private firms.

    Methods 

    To assess incidence of and mortality from occupational injuries and illnesses, we reviewed data from national surveys and applied an attributable risk proportion method.

    To assess costs, we used the human capital method that decomposes costs into direct categories such as medical and insurance administration expenses as well as indirect categories such as lost earnings, lost home production, and lost fringe benefits.

    Some cost estimates were drawn from the literature while others were generated within this study.

    Total costs were calculated by multiplying average costs by the number of injuries and illnesses in each diagnostic category.

    Results 

    Approximately 6500 job-related deaths from injury, 13.2 million nonfatal injuries, 60 300 deaths from disease, and 862 200 illnesses are estimated to occur annually in the civilian American workforce.

    The total direct ($65 billion) plus indirect ($106 billion) costs were estimated to be $171 billion. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Accident travail, Maladie professionnelle, Médecine travail, Coût, Economie santé, Epidémiologie, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational accident, Occupational disease, Occupational medicine, Costs, Health economy, Epidemiology, Human, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0415760

    Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 19/12/1997.