Immunization coverage among urbane and rural children in the Shimla hills.
A cross sectional study was carried out to assess immunisation coverage among 257 urban and 339 rural children aged 13-36 months who were vaccinated at pulse polio booths in Shimla hills. 84.37% urban children and 57.59% rural children were fully vaccinated.
BCG scar was negative in a large number of children, especially from rural areas.
Increasing maternal education was associated with complete immunisation.
OPV I-III dropouts were 3% among urban children and 15% among rural.
The corresponding dropout rates for DPT I-III were 1% and 8% respectively.
The immunisation coverage in this region was higher than others.
Sustained efforts are required to achieve full immunisation coverage and eradicate polio and measles.
Mots-clés Pascal : Vaccination, Programme sanitaire, Himachal Pradesh, Inde, Asie, Poliomyélite antérieure, Virose, Infection, Diphtérie, Bactériose, Tétanos, Enfant, Homme, Rougeole, BCG, Immunisation, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Immunoprophylaxie, Prévention, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vaccination, Sanitary program, Himachal Pradesh, India, Asia, Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Viral disease, Infection, Diphtheria, Bacteriosis, Tetanus, Child, Human, Measles, BCG, Immunization, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Immunoprophylaxis, Prevention, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0414530
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 19/12/1997.