Objecties-Hairdressers are exposed to many irritative and allergenic substances capable of causing occupational respiratory symptoms and diseases.
The self reported prevalence of respiratory symptoms and diseases was studied, and the risks among hairdressers compared with saleswomen was estimated.
A cross sectional prevalence study of respiratory symptoms and diseases was carried out among hairdressers and supermarket saleswomen, with a computer assisted telephone interview method (CATI).
The study population comprised all the female hairdressers and supermarket saleswomen aged 15-54 years in the Helsinki metropolitan area, Finland.
Disproportionate random samples of female hairdressers and saleswomen were drawn from the trade union membership registers.
The interviews were carried out between February and April 1994.
A response rate of 80.5% (3551440) was obtained for hairdressers and 82.2% (5831709) for saleswomen.
Atopy, smoking, chronic illnesses, type of work, working hours, working conditions, personal and professional use of hair products, and the use of personal protective devices were assessed.
The outcome variables were self reported symptoms of the upper and lower respiratory tract.
These were used to define chronic bronchitis, and asthma, laryngitis, and allergic rhinitis diagnosed by a physician.
There was a considerable difference in the prevalence of chronic bronchitis ; 6.8% in hairdressers versus 1.9% in saleswomen. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Coiffeur, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Autoévaluation, Homme, Epidémiologie, Finlande, Europe, Asthme, Bronchite, Chronique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hairdresser, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Self evaluation, Human, Epidemiology, Finland, Europe, Asthma, Bronchitis, Chronic, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0411758
Code Inist : 002B11D. Création : 19/12/1997.