This retrospective study describes assaults, type of trauma, injury panorama, the abbreviated injury scale score and medical consequences for 1158 assaulted persons.
All patients were examined by surgeons at the Emergency Department, Sabbatsberg's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, which is open around the clock.
The police were not notified.
The study group included all assaulted patients who attended and were examined at the Emergency Department from 1 April 1992 to 31 March 1993 : 84% men and 16% women.
Their median age was 25 years (range 13-86 years).
Sixty-eight percent arrived at the Emergency Department between 11 p.m. and 4 a.m. In 44% the hospital staff registered in the case notes that the victims were drunk.
Blunt trauma of low-energy type predominated, 44% were hit by fists and 30% by kicks.
Penetrating trauma occurred in 10% of the assaults (knife 8%), and a combination of blunt and/or cutting trauma (bottle/glass) in 10%. Eighty-two percent of the victims suffered an injury to the head, resulting in concussion in 116 cases, 4 skull fractures, 1 intracerebral contusion, 74 fractures of nose bones, 17 fractures of other face bones, and 6 mandible fractures.
Two persons died because of knifestab wounds.
Eighty-two percent of the victims had minor injuries, and 16% had moderate injuries according to the score on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Violence, Homme, Epidémiologie, Symptomatologie, Hospitalisation, Urgence, Suède, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Violence, Human, Epidemiology, Symptomatology, Hospitalization, Emergency, Sweden, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0408320
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 19/12/1997.