137Cs exposure in the Marshallese populations : An assessment based on whole-body counting measurements (1989-1994).
The Marshall Islands were the site of numerous tests of nuclear weapons by the United States.
From 1946 to 1958, nuclear devices were detonated at Enewetak and Bikini Atolls.
Following the inadvertent contamination of the northern islands downwind of the 1954 Bravo Test, Brookhaven National Laboratory became involved in the medical care and the radiological safety of the affected populations.
One important technique employed in assessing the internally deposited radionuclides is whole-body counting.
To estimate current and future exposures to 137Cs, data from 1989 to 1994 were analyzed and are reported in this paper.
During this period, 3,618 measurements were made for the Marshallese.
The cesium body contents were assumed to result from a series of chronic intakes.
Also, it was assumed that cesium activity in the body reaches a plateau that is maintained over 365 d. We estimated the annual effective dose rate for each population, derived from the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection.
The average 137Cs uptake measured by the whole-body counting method varies from one population to another ; it was consistent with measurements of external exposure rate.
The analysis, though based on limited data, indicates that there is no statistical support for a seasonal effect on 137Cs uptake.
The critical population group for cesium uptake is adult males.
Within the 5-y monitoring period, all internal exposures to 137Cs were less than 0. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Marshall, Micronésie, Océanie, Population, Césium, Corps entier, Armement nucléaire, Radiocontamination, Dose rayonnement, Comptage, Dosimétrie, Césium 137, Essai nucléaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Oceania, Population, Cesium, Whole body, Nuclear weapon, Radioactive contamination, Radiation dose, Counting, Dosimetry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0408203
Code Inist : 002A08F05. Création : 19/12/1997.