Rongelap Island was the home of Marshallese people numbering less than 120 in 1954 ; 67 were on the island and severely exposed to radioactive fallout from an atomic weapons test in March of that year.
Those resident on Rongelap were evacuated 50 h after the test, returned 3 y later, then voluntarily left their home island in 1985 due to their ongoing fear of radiation exposure from residual radioactive contamination.
Following international negotiations in 1991, a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed in early 1992 between the Republic of the Marshall Islands Government, the Rongelap Atoll Local Government, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the U.S. Department of the Interior.
In this MOU it was agreed that the Republic of the Marshall Islands, with the aid of the U.S. Department of Energy, would carry out independent dose assessments for the purpose of assisting and advising the Rongelap community on radiological issues related to a safe resettlement of Rongelap. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Marshall, Micronésie, Océanie, Armement nucléaire, Retombée radioactive, Analyse risque, Dosimétrie, Plutonium, Mesure concentration, Impact environnement, Etude comparative, Dose rayonnement, Modélisation, Essai nucléaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Oceania, Nuclear weapon, Radioactive fall out, Risk analysis, Dosimetry, Plutonium, Concentration measurement, Environment impact, Comparative study, Radiation dose, Modeling
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0408138
Code Inist : 002A08F05. Création : 19/12/1997.