The quality of long-term hospital care for demented patients has never been studied in relation to the behaviour of the residents, although this relationship has been studied for other patient groups and in other settings.
Five aspects of environmental quality were assessed using a rating scale package.
Seven wards with a range of quality were selected and patient behaviour categorized and recorded using a direct observation method.
Comparative analyses revealed that institutional ward practices were associated with abnormal motor activity and inappropriate behaviour.
In addition, social/recreational provision was associated with increased social behaviour and less time spent doing nothing, although high levels of provision were also associated with abnormal motor activity and inappropriate behaviour.
Inappropriate behaviour also appeared to be related to a lack of provision of reality orientation cues and to better quality of ward condition.
Space availability was not associated with any behavioural patterns.
Some aspects of the environment are associated with patterns of behaviour.
There is a need for further research both in this setting and in non-hospital settings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualité, Service hospitalier, Long séjour, Comportement, Démence, Vieillard, Homme, Maladie dégénérative, Encéphale pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality, Hospital ward, Long stay, Behavior, Dementia, Elderly, Human, Degenerative disease, Cerebral disorder, Central nervous system disease, Nervous system diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0407990
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 19/12/1997.