A study to estimate the prevalence of dementia in a rural population was conducted in a community located on the outskirts of Madras city in South India.
Seven hundred and fifty elderly 60 years of age and older, selected using the cluster sampling technique, were interviewed using the Geriatric Mental State schedule (GMS).
The prevalence of dementia was 3.5%, the percentage increasing with age.
These rural prevalence estimates were higher than in urban settings (WHO multicentre study on cognitive impairment and dementia in developed and developing countries, unpublished) and male/female differences were negligible.
The difficulties associated with the use of the GMS in a non-literate rural population are discussed.
The implications of these findings for India's growing elderly population are highlighted.
Mots-clés Pascal : Démence, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Inde, Asie, Milieu rural, Environnement social, Homme, Encéphale pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie, Maladie dégénérative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dementia, Prevalence, Epidemiology, India, Asia, Rural environment, Social environment, Human, Cerebral disorder, Central nervous system disease, Nervous system diseases, Degenerative disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0407988
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 19/12/1997.