Gesundheitsstatus und medizinische Versorgungssituation von alleinstehend, wohnungslosen Menschen.
Traduction en anglais : Health status and the state of medical care for single homeless persons.
Homeless Persons : The homeless population in Germany is continually increasing.
Featuring prominently among those on the increase are women, young persons and homeless people from East Germany.
Studies of the health of homeless individuals in recent years show that indices of illness are far higher for many disorders than for comparable groups who are housed.
One result from a recent study by the University of Mainz (1994) was that more than 90% of homeless people urgenly need medical treatment.
According this research, the main health problems of the homeless are : cardiac disease (hypertension, CAD) (52.5%), skin disease (scabies, lice, leg ulcers, abscesses, pyodermias) and acute infections (50%), lower respiratory tract (COAD) (47.5%) and trauma victims (50%), followed by liver (30%), kidney (25%) and gastrointestinal diseases (GU) (20%). The problems of alcoholism and mental disorders of various sorts are added to this picture.
Violence to homeless people is increasing.
A lot of homeless people are multi-morbid.
The relationship between the time of homelessness and the state of illness was not linear.
It was found that in the beginning of homelessness most of the homeless people were in a poor physical condition. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Sans domicile fixe, Isolement social, Morbidité, Homme, Epidémiologie, Service santé, Unité mobile, Multidisciplinaire, Rue, Accessibilité, Système santé, Organisation santé, Allemagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Homeless, Social isolation, Morbidity, Human, Epidemiology, Health service, Mobile unit, Multidisciplinary, Street, Accessibility, Health system, Public health organization, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0407440
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 19/12/1997.