Vulnerability of Jews to affective disorders.
Psychiatric literature over the past 100 years suggests that Jews are at higher risk for affective disorders than members of other religious groups.
To examine these claims, the authors analyzed data from the National Institute of Mental Health Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study.
In addition, the relationships among gender, alcoholism, and major depression were investigated.
The period prevalence and lifetime rates of DSM-111 major depression among Jews, Catholics, Protestants, individuals in other religious groups, and individuals with no religious affiliation were examined in the Los Angeles and New Haven, Conn., ECA data.
Logistic regression with covariates for site, gender, marital status, and socioeconomic status was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals.
The calculated rates, based on the combined data from ECA study waves 1 and 2 for the white population were weighted according to the 1980 U.S. population census.
Female-to-male rate ratios and rates of alcohol abuse/dependence were also obtained.
While no differences were found among females, Jewish males had significantly higher rates of major depression than Catholics, Protestants, and all non-Jews combined.
Jews had a 1 : 1 female-to-male ratio for major depression, in contrast to the other religious groups, which approached the universal 2 : 1 ratio.
Rates of alcohol abuse/dependence were inversely related to rates of major depression. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Vulnérabilité, Juif, Etude comparative, Religion, Sexe, Alcoolisme, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Mood disorder, Vulnerability, Jew, Comparative study, Religion, Sex, Alcoholism, Prevalence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0406630
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 19/12/1997.