Visual impairment and socioeconomic factors.
Background-Information about socioeconomic factors associated with visual impairment can assist in the design of intervention programmes.
Such information was collected by the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project (Melbourne VIP).
Methods-The Melbourne VIP was a population based study of non-institutionalised permanent residents in nine suburbs of the Melbourne metropolitan area aged 40 years of age and older.
A standardised eye examination was provided to eligible residents which included a structured interview.
Variables of interest for this analysis were age, sex, country of birth, language spoken at home, education level, use of private health insurance, employment status, and living arrangements.
Visual impairment was defined as a best corrected visual acuity<6/18 and/or visual field constriction to within 20° of fixation Results-A total of 3271 (83%) residents participated.
Participants ranged in age from 40 to 98 years ; 54% were female.
Forty four (1.34%) were classified as visually impaired due to visual acuity and/or visual field loss.
To evaluate the independent association of the significant sociodemographic variables with visual impairment, a regression model was constructed that included age, retirement status, use of private health insurance, and household arrangement.
The results showed that age was the significant predictor of visual impairment (OR : 3.19 ; CI : 2.29-4.43), with the mean age of people with visual impairment significantly older (75. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Déficit, Acuité visuelle, Statut socioéconomique, Facteur risque, Age, Epidémiologie, Australie, Océanie, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Trouble vision
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Deficiency, Visual acuity, Socioeconomic status, Risk factor, Age, Epidemiology, Australia, Oceania, Human, Eye disease, Vision disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0403106
Code Inist : 002B09L. Création : 19/12/1997.