Psychiatric profile and sociodemographic characteristics of adults who report physically abusing or neglecting children.
In this study the authors measured the number of adults in three U.S. communities who reported abusing and neglecting children in their lifetime and assessed the relative impact of sociodemographic characteristics and lifetime diagnosis of mental disorders on both child abuse and child neglect.
A total of 9,841 respondents, identified through a household sampling procedure for the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Epidemiologic Catchment Area study, were included in the analysis.
Self-reported lifetime histories of abuse and neglect of children were measured in the antisocial personality module of the NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule.
In the study sample, 147 adults (1.49%) stated that they had abused children, and 140 adults (1.42%) stated that they had neglected children.
A total of 18.5% of those who reported abuse of children, and 69.3% of those who reported having neglected a child, had a lifetime diagnosis of a mental disorder.
Increased odds of reports of both abuse and neglect were associated with having a greater number of children in the household.
Low socioeconomic status was a risk factor for neglecting, but not abusing, children.
In multivariate analyses, a lifetime history ofalcohol disorder was associated with abuse and neglect, affective disorders with abuse, and anxiety disorders with neglecting children. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Trouble comportement social, Enfant maltraité, Relation adulte enfant, Facteur risque, Trouble psychiatrique, Statut socioéconomique, Démographie, Homme, Négligence
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Social behavior disorder, Child abuse, Adult child relation, Risk factor, Mental disorder, Socioeconomic status, Demography, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0402604
Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 19/12/1997.