A comprehensive study of smoking in primary school children in Hong Kong : implications for prevention.
Study objective--To identify factors associated with smoking behaviour in primary school children in Hong Kong.
Design-A cross sectional survey in which both children and parents completed questionnaires.
The main outcome measure was the smoking status of the children ; and risk factors (knowledge of and attitude to smoking and demographic and socioeconomic background) were identified as predictors of ever/never smoking.
Setting and subjects-Altogether 9598 primary school children, aged 8-13 years, and attending 27 schools from two districts in Hong Kong participated.
Main results-The prevalence of eversmoking was 12% (1119) - 15% (760) in boys and 7% (359) in girls.
It ranged from 3% in 8 year old girls to 52% in 13 year old boys.
The factors associated with eversmoking included the following : being a boy (adjusted odds ratio 2.21 ; 95% confidence interval 1.89,2.59), increasing age per year (1.48 ; 1.40,1.57), living in Kwai Tsing district (1.29 ; 1.10,1.50), having one or more smokers at home (2.07 ; 1.78,2.39), and having a father who was not working (1.41 ; 1.19,1.67).
Children who were eversmokers had both seen and approved of their friends'smoking (8.79 ; 5.33,14.50), had a more positive attitude towards smoking (3.35 ; 2.21,5.09), and were more successful in recognising cigarette brand names and logos (1.67 ; 1.42,1.96), but they lacked confidence (1.78 ; 1.32,2.39). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Préadolescent, Hong Kong, Asie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Attitude, Comportement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Child, Human, School age, Preadolescent, Hong Kong, Asia, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Attitude, Behavior
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0402081
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 19/12/1997.