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  1. The contribution of drinking patterns to the relative risk of injury in six communities : A self-report based probability approach.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This article reports the results of an analysis of the relationships between demographic and alcohol consumption variables and the likelihood of injury occurring during the 6-month period prior to survey administration.

    Method 

    The data examined are from a general population survey administered to 22,626 respondents (56.9% female) as part of a community trial project to reduce alcohol-involved injury currently being conducted in six communities in Califomia and South Carolina.

    Three models that relate consumption patterns and exogenous background variables to injury are evaluated.

    The first considers only demographic background variables.

    The second model adds three consumption measures (i.e., frequency, average drinks per occasion and variance) to the first.

    The third adds a control for community of residence.

    A fourth model is estimated using frequency and average drinks per occasion, by omitting variance.

    Results 

    Findings indicate that likelihood of injury is affected by demographic, alcohol consumption and community of residence variables.

    Specifically, likelihood of injury is significantly related to being young, white, male and single, and having a high variance drinking pattern.

    Community level effects were found, with Califomia respondents being more likely to experience injuries, controlling for other model variables.

    Although measures for education and income were included in our analysis, no effects for these variables could be found. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Accident, Blessure, Facteur risque, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Démographie, Statut social, Environnement social, Etude comparative, Communauté, Homme, Lieu vie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Accident, Injury, Risk factor, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Demography, Social status, Social environment, Comparative study, Community, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0400524

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 19/12/1997.