Three hundred fifty male recruits were randomly allocated to either the standard recruit training program (N=180) or substituted a weighted-march activity for all formal run periods (N=170) in the physical training program.
All injuries were seen at a single medical facility, and the cause, location, and severity of injury were recorded in the medical documents.
Lower-limb injuries constituted 79.8% of all Run injuries and 61.1% of all Walk injuries.
Foot (18.9%), knee (16.7%), ankle (13.3%), and shoulder (8.9%) were the most common sites of injury in the Walk group.
In the Run group, the most common sites were knee (32.1%), ankle (18.3%), foot (11.9%), and shin (7.3%). There were two stress fractures (tibial) in the Run group and none in the Walk group, giving the Run group an incidence of 1.1%. There were 10 medical discharges in the Walk group and 16 in the Run group.
Ten (62.5%) of the Run and 2 (20%) of the Walk discharges were due to lower-limb causes.
Of these, only 1 (10%) of the Walk and 4 (25%) of the Run injuries were not considered to be pre-existing conditions.
Marching (30.0%), physical training (25.5%), and the obstacle course (11.1%) were the most frequent causes of injury in the Walk group.
In the Run group, the leading causes were running (36.6%), physical training (19.2%), and the obstacle course (14.6%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Lésion, Armée, Recrutement, Localisation, Etiologie, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Homme, Etude comparative, Australie, Océanie, Traumatisme, Politique sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lesion, Army, Recruitment, Localization, Etiology, Risk factor, Evaluation, Human, Comparative study, Australia, Oceania, Trauma, Health policy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0398350
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 12/09/1997.