This study analyzed differences in baseline, course of treatment, and post-quit variables of participants in a tobacco-cessation program to identify factors predictive of outcome that could be used as a focus for intervention.
The program offered a 10-week course of transdermal nicotine replacement combined with education and cognitive/behavioral therapy in a group format at a major military medical center.
Demonstrated differences were found among abstainers, early relapsers, and late relapsers in age-initiated tobacco use, use of liquor, levels of exhaled carbon monoxide at intake, tobacco use during the program, and perceived reasons for relapse.
The abstinence rate at follow-up was 27%. Based on our findings, we discuss recommendations to improve treatment.
This information is offered as a model to evaluate and improve the efficacy of established clinic-based tobacco-cessation programs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Programme application, Sevrage, Facteur prédictif, Méthodologie, Rétrospective, Evaluation, Efficacité traitement, Homme, Armée, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Toxicologie, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Application program, Weaning, Predictive factor, Methodology, Retrospective, Evaluation, Treatment efficiency, Human, Army, Respiratory disease, Toxicology, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0397738
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 12/09/1997.