Epidemiology of suicide in elderly people in Madrid, Spain (1990-1994).
The progressive aging of the population as a whole, the frequent appearance of degenerative diseases, and the greater frequency of suicide among persons older than 65 years than in younger age groups, are worrisome issues that deserve investigation.
The aim of this study was therefore to analyze different epidemiological and social factors that influence suicide behaviour in elderly subjects in Madrid (Spain) during a 5-year period from January 1990 to December 1994.
Post-mortem reports on all deaths that were examined at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Madrid were studied.
All cases of suicide in subjects aged =65 years during these years (N=461) were studied through the autopsy records and information from the coroner's inquest.
Variables corresponding to demographic, clinical and interpersonal factors, method of suicide, scene of death, season, month and time of suicide were registered.
In both sexes, jumping from a height was the most frequent method (63.6%). Family members had noted symptoms of depression in almost half of the cases (49.5%). Coexisting physical disorders were present in 68.9% of the subjects.
Health care professionals have an important role to play in suicide prevention.
Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Epidémiologie, Vieillard, Homme, Facteur risque, Espagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Epidemiology, Elderly, Human, Risk factor, Spain, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0391475
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 12/09/1997.