Cardiac operations in patients 90 years of age and older. Commentary.
Growth of the elderly population worldwide, and specifically in the United States, will continue to accelerate and will have a profound impact on the cost and delivery of health care resources in the future.
A medical strategy that allows the elderly to live independently is essential to most cost-effective use of our resources.
The question remains as to what will be the future of surgical therapy for this increasing population.
We retrospectively studied the cases of 30 consecutive nonagenarians (mean age, 92.3 ± 1.8 years) who underwent a cardiac operation within a 9-year period.
All patients were in New York Heart Association class III or IV and underwent operation urgently or emergently.
The 30-day mortality rate was 10%, and the actuarial survival rates were 81% ± 8% and 75% ± 9% at 1 year and 2 years, respectively.
Seventy-eight percent of survivors were in New York Heart Association class I or II within 2 years after operation and had an improved quality of life.
The cost of providing care in this age group was 24% higher than in octogenarians.
Advanced age in and of itself (>90 years) should not be a contraindication to an open-heart operation, although morbidity, mortality, and cost may be higher.
However, selective criteria identifying risks and benefits for individual patients should be applied.
The aging of our population will have a profound impact on the cost and delivery of health care resources in the future. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Chirurgie, Coeur, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Mortalité, Coût, Vieillard, Homme, Traitement, Cardiopathie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Surgery, Heart, United States, North America, America, Mortality, Costs, Elderly, Human, Treatment, Heart disease, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0385410
Code Inist : 002B25E. Création : 12/09/1997.