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  1. Are there sex biases in standardized tests of radiation oncology knowledge ?

    Article - En anglais


    Recent studies have identified biases directed against women in standardized tests.

    We tested for the existence of such biases in the American College of Radiology (ACR) In-Training Examination in Radiation Oncology and the American Board of Radiology (ABR) Written Radiation Oncology Board Examination.

    Materials and Methods 

    Our request to the ABR to permit us to study performance on their examinations, as a function of sex, was refused.

    We obtained scores, through the cooperation of six academic radiation oncology departments, for residents-in-training taking the in-service examination and candidates taking the written board examination for the first time.

    Test results for 1984 to 1995 were blinded as to name, but not sex or institution of training.

    For the in-service examination, scores are reported as percentiles normalized to the year of training.

    The effect of multiple scores for the same resident was assessed using a repeated-measures analysis of variance.

    Residents were nested within each sex/institution combination and crossed with training year and calendar year.

    The effects of three factors (sex, institution, and year the examination was taken) on the results of the biology, physics, and clinical sections were evaluated with an analysis of variance.

    The interactions of sex with institution and year were included to determine the scope of the sex effect. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Cancérologie, Epidémiologie, Courbe survie, Efficacité traitement, Radiothérapie, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude comparative, Sexe, Analyse statistique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cancerology, Epidemiology, Survival curve, Treatment efficiency, Radiotherapy, Human, United States, North America, America, Comparative study, Sex, Statistical analysis

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0384854

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 12/09/1997.