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  1. The impact of psychiatric disorders on work loss days.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    To examine relationships between recent DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders and work impairment in major occupational groups in the US labour force.

    Method

    Data are from the US National Comorbidity Survey (NCS), a survey of respondents ages 15-54 in the US.

    Employed people are the focus of the report.

    Results

    There is substantial variation across occupations in the 30-day prevalences of NCS/DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders, with an average prevalence of 18.2% (range : 11.0-29.6%) for any disorder.

    The average prevalences of psychiatric work loss days (6 days per month per 100 workers) and work cutback days (31 days per month per 100 workers), in comparison, do not differ significantly across occupations.

    Work impairment is more strongly concentrated among the 3.7% of the workforce with co-morbid psychiatric disorders (49 work loss days and 346 work cutback days per month per 100 workers) than the 14.5% with pure disorders (11 work loss days and 66 work cutback days per month per 100 workers) or the 81.8% with no disorder (2 work loss days and 11 work cutback days per month per 100 workers).

    The effects of psychiatric disorders on work loss are similar across all occupations, while effects on work cutback are greater among professional workers than those in other occupations.

    Conclusion

    The results reported here suggest that work impairment is one of the adverse consequences of psychiatric disorders. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Activité professionnelle, Etude comparative, Profession, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Professional activity, Comparative study, Profession, United States, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0384192

    Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 12/09/1997.