This study investigated the prevalence of mental health problems after a major bushfire in Australia and examined the validity of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) (Goldberg 1978) against the Anxiety, Affective and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder modules of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS ; Robins et al. 1981).
Study 1 was carried out 12 months after the Ash Wednesday bushfires and sought to include all the victims of the fires.
Study 2 was conducted 20 months after the fires and included a sample of victims who had experienced major losses in the fires.
Twelve months after the fires, 42% (n=1,526) of the victims were defined as a potential psychiatric case using the GHQ.
This rate indicated a significantly greater level of morbidity than found in communities that have not experienced a natural disaster.
Twenty months after the fires, 23% (n=43) were defined as « cases ».
The 28-item GHQ was found to be a valid instrument for defining the presence of psychiatric disorder in a disaster-effected community.
The findings demonstrated that lasting psychiatric morbidity is associated with natural disasters.
Mots-clés Pascal : Sinistre, Evénement existentiel, Traumatisme, Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Australie, Océanie, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Trouble anxieux, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Disaster, Life events, Trauma, Mental disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Australia, Oceania, Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, Anxiety disorder, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0384143
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 12/09/1997.