Using a sample of 556 adolescents from a suburban community, patterns of various adolescent problem behaviors (e.g., delinquent behavior, smoking, use of alcohol or drugs) and their links to self-efficacy, social competence, and life events were examined.
Cluster analysis was conducted to identify four subgroups of adolescents who showed distinct pattems of problem behaviors.
These clusters were compared on the measures of self-efficacy, social competence, and life events.
Overall results suggest there are meaningful links between adolescents'problem behavior patterns and self-efficacy, the amount and quality of participation in various after school activities, and life events.
For example, a subgroup of adolescents who showed uniformly low prevalence of all problem behaviors reported more positive academic self-efficacy, more active participation in sports and nonsports activities, more positive life events, and fewer negative events than adolescents who were involved in multiple problem behaviors.
Implications for prevention and future research on adolescent problem behaviors are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Facteur risque, Trouble comportement social, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Efficacité personnelle, Aptitude scolaire, Aptitude sociale, Prévention, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Risk factor, Social behavior disorder, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Self efficacy, Academic ability, Social aptitude, Prevention, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0383863
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 12/09/1997.