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  1. The impact of contraceptive methods on the onset of symptomatic vulvovaginal candidiasis within the menstrual cycle.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Annual Meeting of the Pacific Coast Obstetrical and Gynecological Society. Sunriver, Oregon (USA), 1996/10/02.

    OBJECTIVE 

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis is the second most common cause of vaginal discharge.

    Low-dose oral contraceptives are no longer thought to increase the absolute risk of episodic vulvovaginal candidiasis.

    This study investigates the possible impact that hormonal contraception may have on the timing of onset of symptoms within the menstrual cycle.

    STUDY DESIGN 

    In a retrospective chart review of reproductive-aged women seen at the Women's Health Care Clinic at Harbor-University of California, Los Angeles, Medical Center, data from the records of 448 symptomatic women who had 507 episodes of vulvovaginal candidiasis were extracted and analyzed for timing of onset of symptoms within the menstrual cycle.

    Diagnosis was based on symptoms, physical findings, and microscopy.

    Onset was divided into five physiologic ranges within an idealized 28-day menstrual cycle.

    Comparisons among groups were made with use of X2 and p<0.05 thresholds for statistical significance.

    RESULTS 

    No differences were found in the onset of symptoms within the idealized menstrual cycle ranges between women using hormonal birth control methods and those using non hormonal ones.

    The distribution was remarkably uniform throughout the cycle with the exception of the first few days (during menses).

    CONCLUSION 

    The timing of onset of symptoms of vulvovaginal candidiasis within a woman's menstrual cycle is not affected by her method of birth control.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Effet biologique, Méthode, Contraception, Vulvovaginite, Candidose, Mycose, Infection, Symptomatologie, Relation, Cycle menstruel, Résultat, Homme, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Vagin pathologie, Vulve pathologie, Vaginite, Vulvite

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Biological effect, Method, Contraception, Vulvovaginitis, Candidiasis, Mycosis, Infection, Symptomatology, Relation, Menstrual cycle, Result, Human, Female genital diseases, Vaginal diseases, Vulvar diseases, Vaginitis, Vulvitis

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0380891

    Code Inist : 002B05D02E. Création : 12/09/1997.