The purpose was to ascertain risk factors for HIV infection in a predominantly rural population using descriptive epidemiologic studies performed at a university health sciences center.
Participants included adult patients with HIV infection or AIDS who were cared for between January 1982 and January 1993.
The relative frequency of cases in minority and female heterosexual patients increased significantly.
The male to female ratio among blacks with HIV infection declined to 1.1 : 1 during the final 3 years of the study.
Believed they had acquired infection in Virginia were more likely to cite a rural area of acquisition and to have had multiple heterosexual partners but were less likely to have had male homosexual contact than patients who believed they had been infected in other states.
HIV continued to spread into rural areas of Virginia, and the gender ratio among blacks with HIV declined throughout the study.
Having multiple heterosexual partners, the main risk factor for HIV transmission worldwide, may now result in HIV infection in rural Virginia.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Zone rurale, Incidence, Etude comparative, Prévention, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Rural area, Incidence, Comparative study, Prevention, Human, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0380150
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 12/09/1997.