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  1. Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy as the initial evaluation of pediatric patients with colitis : A survey of physician behavior and a cost analysis.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    Pediatric patients presenting with colitis, suggestive of inflammatory bowel disease, undergo evaluation with either flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy.

    Our objectives were to assess current practice behavior in the evaluation of pediatric patients with colitis and to determine whether flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy was more cost-effective as the initial evaluation.

    Methods 

    Practice behavior and procedure charges were assessed using a nationwide survey, and costs for diagnostic strategies were compared using a decision analysis program.

    Results 

    The vast majority of survey respondents would proceed with colonoscopy if colitis suggestive of Crohn's disease was noted in the rectosigmoid area (81%) or if ulcerative colitis extended proximal to the rectosigmoid area (70%). If colonoscopy would follow if flexible sigmoidoscopy suggested either ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease (67%), then colonoscopy would result in a savings of 23%. If the evaluation was predetermined to be limited to flexible sigmoidoscopy (16%), then flexible sigmoidoscopy was the cost-effective strategy with savings of 29%. If colonoscopy would follow flexible sigmoidoscopy for Crohn's colitis only (13%), there was no clear cost advantage.

    Conclusions 

    The most cost-effective strategy depends on the physician's need to know the disease location. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Colite, Evaluation, Exploration clinique, Colonoscopie, Sigmoïdoscopie, Diagnostic, Maladie inflammatoire, Evaluation performance, Analyse avantage coût, Enfant, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Endoscopie, Economie santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Colitis, Evaluation, Clinical investigation, Colonoscopy, Sigmoidoscopy, Diagnosis, Inflammatory disease, Performance evaluation, Cost benefit analysis, Child, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Endoscopy, Health economy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0380124

    Code Inist : 002B24E06. Création : 12/09/1997.