This is a comprehensive and integrative review of multiple factors underlying the greater prevalence of hypertension in African Americans compared with whites.
Evidence linking stress with hypertension and cardiovascular disease in African Americans is reviewed.
A survey of mechanisms of hypertension in African Americans and existing behavioral strategies for the treatment of hypertension is presented.
Given that the excess of hypertension may be mediated in part by behavioral factors operating through biological mechanisms, a case is presented for behavioral stress reduction measures.
This review of stress reduction techniques especially the Transcendental Mediation program for the treatment of hypertension in African Americans highlights current issues facing the field.
New information is provided to help direct future nonpharmacological research and practice in hypertension to prevent morbidity and premature mortality in this underserved population.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Prévalence, Facteur prédictif, Stress, Epidémiologie, Etude comparative, Africain, Amérique, Psychopathologie, Méditation, Article synthèse, Prévention, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Politique sanitaire, Système nerveux pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Prevalence, Predictive factor, Stress, Epidemiology, Comparative study, African, America, Psychopathology, Meditation, Review, Prevention, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Health policy, Nervous system diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0379978
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 12/09/1997.