Background The principles of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) have been applied successfully through individual psychotherapy to several psychiatric disorders.
We adapted these principles to create a group-training programme for a non-psychiatric group-long-term (>12 months) unemployed people.
The aim was to investigate the effects of the programme on measures of mental health, job-seeking, and job-finding.
Methods 289 volunteers (of standard occupational classification professional groups) were randomly assigned to a CBT or control programme, matched for all variables other than specific content, that emphasised social support. 244 (134 CBT, 110 control) people started the programmes and 199 (109 CBT, 90 control) completed the whole 7 weeks of weekly 3 h sessions (including three CBT, seven control participants who withdrew because they obtained employment or full-time training).
Questionnaires completed before training, on completion, and 3-4 months later (follow-up data available for 94 CBT, 89 control) assessed mental health, job-seeking activities, and success in job-finding.
Analyses were based on those who completed the programmes.
Participants were not aware that two interventions were being used.
Investigators were aware of group allocation, but were accompanied in all programmes by co-trainers who were non-investigators. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Chomage, Long terme, Thérapie cognitive, Thérapie comportementale, Traitement, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Unemployment, Long term, Cognitive therapy, Behavior therapy, Treatment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0379746
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 12/09/1997.