To examine the causes and mortality of poisoning in Tehran.
The 7000 poisoning cases referred to Loghman-Hakim Hospital in Tehran over six months in 1994 were evaluated retrospectively.
The overall female to male ratio was 1.8 : 1. Most poisonings occurred in the age range 2-6 y for children and 21-40 y for adults.
Oral ingestion was the most common route of intoxication.
In children, boys had a higher frequency of poisonings than girls.
Most cases of children were referred to the hospital between 8 am and 8 pm.
In adults referred to the hospital, there was little diurnal variation in poisoning presentations.
In adults, drugs were the most common cause of intoxication (60.2%). Of these, benzodiazepines (24.5%) were the most frequent, followed by antidepressants (20.5%) and analgesics (18%). Pesticide and opiate intoxications were also commonly observed.
In children, after drugs (32.1%), hydrocarbons were the most frequent cause of poisoning (19.2%). Pesticide poisonings were most often fatal (19.2%), followed by barbiturates (18.6%) and opiates (16.2%). Organophosphate insecticides were responsible for 57% of total pesticide poisoning cases.
Of the deaths, 87.5% were attributed to suicide.
The majority of poisoning cases in adults occur intentionally and in children accidentally.
Mots-clés Pascal : Intoxication médicamenteuse, Iran, Asie, Epidémiologie, Sexe, Age, Composé chimique, Intoxication, Suicide, Accident, Centre antipoison, Milieu urbain
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug intoxication, Iran, Asia, Epidemiology, Sex, Age, Chemical compound, Poisoning, Suicide, Accident, Antipoison center, Urban environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0379198
Code Inist : 002B02V. Création : 12/09/1997.