logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. A retrospective study of poisoning in Tehran.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To examine the causes and mortality of poisoning in Tehran.

    Methods 

    The 7000 poisoning cases referred to Loghman-Hakim Hospital in Tehran over six months in 1994 were evaluated retrospectively.

    Results 

    The overall female to male ratio was 1.8 : 1. Most poisonings occurred in the age range 2-6 y for children and 21-40 y for adults.

    Oral ingestion was the most common route of intoxication.

    In children, boys had a higher frequency of poisonings than girls.

    Most cases of children were referred to the hospital between 8 am and 8 pm.

    In adults referred to the hospital, there was little diurnal variation in poisoning presentations.

    In adults, drugs were the most common cause of intoxication (60.2%). Of these, benzodiazepines (24.5%) were the most frequent, followed by antidepressants (20.5%) and analgesics (18%). Pesticide and opiate intoxications were also commonly observed.

    In children, after drugs (32.1%), hydrocarbons were the most frequent cause of poisoning (19.2%). Pesticide poisonings were most often fatal (19.2%), followed by barbiturates (18.6%) and opiates (16.2%). Organophosphate insecticides were responsible for 57% of total pesticide poisoning cases.

    Of the deaths, 87.5% were attributed to suicide.

    Conclusion 

    The majority of poisoning cases in adults occur intentionally and in children accidentally.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Intoxication médicamenteuse, Iran, Asie, Epidémiologie, Sexe, Age, Composé chimique, Intoxication, Suicide, Accident, Centre antipoison, Milieu urbain

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug intoxication, Iran, Asia, Epidemiology, Sex, Age, Chemical compound, Poisoning, Suicide, Accident, Antipoison center, Urban environment

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0379198

    Code Inist : 002B02V. Création : 12/09/1997.