Fatal occupational injuries were studied using data from medical examiners'reports in North Carolina for the years 1977-1991.
Cases were defined as deaths due to accidents or homicide at the workplace, and populations at risk were estimated from the 1980 and 1990 US Censuses.
Mortality rate ratios and proportionate mortality ratios were used as measures of association, and the population attributable risk percentage was used as an indicator of the burden of injury.
Standard weights for direct age-adjustment of rates were obtained from the total state workforce.
There were 2,524 eligible deaths-83 percent from unintentional traumatic injuries, 14 percent from homicide, and the remainder from other causes.
This report focuses on unintentional trauma deaths, which were strongly associated with the wood production, fishing, and transportation industries.
Elderly, African-American, and self-employed workers had higher fatality rates than members of other groups.
Among male workers, motor vehicle crashes were the principal cause of death on the job, followed by falling objects, machinery, and falls.
The industries contributing the largest proportions of these deaths were construction, trucking, agriculture, and logging (population attributable risk percentages were 16.8%, 8.8%, 7.9%, and 6.9%, respectively). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Accident travail, Mortalité, Médecine travail, Epidémiologie, Homme, Sexe, Industrie, Activité professionnelle, Caroline du Nord, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Occupational accident, Mortality, Occupational medicine, Epidemiology, Human, Sex, Industry, Professional activity, North Carolina, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0367760
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 12/09/1997.