Gender differences in medical treatment : The case of physician-prescribed activity restrictions.
A growing scientific literature highlights concern about the influence of social bias in medical care.
Differential treatment of male and female patients has been among the documented concerns.
Yet, little is known about the extent to which differential treatment of male and female patients reflects the influence of social bias or of more acceptable factors, such as different patient preferences or different anticipated outcomes of care.
This paper attempts to ascertain the underlying basis for an observed differential in physicians'tendency to advise activity restrictions for male and female patients.
We explore the extent to which the gender-based treatment differential is attributable to : (I) patients'health profile, (2) patients'role responsibilities, (3) patients'illness behaviors, and (4) physician characteristics.
These four categories of variables correspond to four prominent social science hypotheses concerning gender differences in health and health care utilization (i.e. biological basis hypothesis, fixed role hypothesis, socialization hypothesis, physician bias hypothesis).
Data are drawn from the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS), a longitudinal observational study of 1546 patients of 349 physicians practicing in three U.S. cities. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prescription médicale, Médecin, Relation médecin malade, Sexe, Malade, Comportement, Santé, Homme, Diminution, Exercice physique, Aspect social
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical prescription, Physician, Physician patient relation, Sex, Patient, Behavior, Health, Human, Decrease, Physical exercise, Social aspect
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0367723
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 12/09/1997.