A census of all relevant services in an area can be used to identify people with mental impairment suggestive of dementia.
Two censuses in Tayside, Scotland, were used to test the effectiveness of this method.
False positives accounted for 12% of returns.
After excluding false positives, by comparison with expected dementia prevalence based on EURODEM, 66% of all sufferers and 50% of those living in the community were identified by the censuses.
By pro-rating for non-response, the proportion of sufferers known to services was estimated as 72%. The characteristics of those not known to services are unclear and further research is needed on this.
The cost of a census in an area of 250000 population is under £3000.
A multiservice census offers a simple, inexpensive, practicable method of constructing a sample frame for population needs assessment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Démence sénile, Dépistage, Recensement, Service santé, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Méthode mesure, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Besoin, Santé, Vieillard, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Maladie dégénérative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Senile dementia, Medical screening, Census, Health service, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Measurement method, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Need, Health, Elderly, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Degenerative disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0366832
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 12/09/1997.