To assess the ability of childhood blood pressure, height, and weight to predict young adult blood pressure, the authors examined data obtained over multiple visits for four years on 339 children aged 8-18 years in East Boston, Massachusetts.
These subjects were again seen 8-12 years later when they were aged 20-26 years.
Multivariate regression models were used to predict true blood pressure in young adulthood from observed childhood measurements closest to age 10 (n=219), adjusting for within-person variability.
Without adjusting for childhood blood pressure, childhood height, weight and body mass index were at least marginally associated with young adult systolic blood pressure in boys and girls, with similar coefficients for each gender.
The strongest predictor was weight (bêta=0.6 mmHg/10 1bs for girls, and bêta=0.7 mmHg/10 Ibs for boys), and height was no longer predictive with weight in the model.
With childhood blood pressure included, neither childhood height nor weight were predictors of future systolic blood pressure.
However, change in height and weight were pre-dictors of future systolic blood pressure.
Weight change was a stronger predictor in girls than boys with bêta=0.9 mmHg/10 1bs.
For diastolic blood pressure, height and weight had limited predictive ability in these data. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids corporel, Taille corporelle, Biométrie corporelle, Anthropométrie, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Pression sanguine, Adulte jeune, Etude longitudinale, Prédiction, Massachusetts, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Hémodynamique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Body weight, Body size, Corporal biometry, Anthropometry, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Blood pressure, Young adult, Follow up study, Prediction, Massachusetts, United States, North America, America, Hemodynamics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0366009
Code Inist : 002B29A. Création : 12/09/1997.