In South Africa problems with current cervical screening uptake, including low coverage and loss of screened women to follow-up, have been identified.
This paper presents the findings of an anthropological study of rural Black women's perceptions and understandings of cervical symptomatology, screening and cancer conducted among three different language groups in South Africa.
The data collected indicate that women were screened when presenting with symptoms of reproductive tract infection, with the result that for many the smear came to be associated with the diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
In some cases the smear was said itself to « clean » the womb.
The results were often interpreted by women as signifying womb « dirtiness » and confirming the presence of symptomatic reproductive disease for which they had initially presented to the biomedical facility.
Several barriers to screening were identified including fear of vaginal exposure, expectation of pain, being asymptomatic, and gender of the practitioner.
In addition women perceived womb cancer to be invariably terminal, knowledge which was constructed from personal and community experience of the illness.
The illness was closely associated with (usually female) « promiscuity ». (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Col utérus, Dépistage, Milieu rural, Négroïde, Homme, Femelle, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Promotion santé, Perception sociale, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Frottis cervical, Milieu culturel, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Col utérus pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Uterine cervix, Medical screening, Rural environment, Negroid, Human, Female, South Africa, Africa, Health promotion, Social perception, Sexually transmitted disease, Cervical smear, Cultural environment, Female genital diseases, Uterine cervix diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0364473
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 12/09/1997.