This study (1) investigates the relationship of nonmalignant respiratory disease to underground uranium mining and to cigarette smoking in Native American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White miners in the Southwest and (2) evaluates the criteria for compensation of ethnic minorities.
Risk for mining-related lung disease was analyzed by stratified analysis, multiple linear regression, and logistic regression with data on 1359 miners.
Uranium mining is more strongly associated with obstructive lung disease and radiographic pnuemoconiosis in Native Americans than in Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites.
Obstructive lung disease in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White miners is mostly related to cigarette smoking.
Current compensation criteria excluded 24% of Native Americans who, by ethnic-specific standards, had restrictive lung disease and 4.8% who had obstructive lung disease.
Native Americans have the highest prevalence of radiographic pneumoconiosis, but are less likely to meet spirometry criteria for compensation.
Native American miners have more nonmalignant respiratory disease from underground uranium mining, and less disease from smoking, than the other groups, but are less likely to receive compensation for mining-related disease.
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Mineur, Uranium, Toxicité, Ethnie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude comparative, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Respiratory disease, Minor, Uranium, Toxicity, Ethnic group, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk factor, Human, United States, North America, America, Comparative study, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0364108
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 12/09/1997.