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  1. Fulltext. Ethnic differences in birthweight : The role of lifestyle and other factors.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    The purpose of this study was to expand the search for risk factors for low birthweight and to find new explanations for the ethnic-group disparities in birth outcomes.

    Methods

    The subjects were l150 pregnant women from six ethnic groups (African American, Chinese, Dominican, Puerto Rican, Mexican, and White) who received prenatal care at clinics in New York and Chicago between December 1987 and December 1989.

    Two interviews were conducted during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

    Results

    The study, after controlling for poverty and other birthweight correlates, showed that living in public housing and believing that chance plays a major role in determining one's health status were negatively associated with birthweight.

    Having a stable residence was positively related to birthweight.

    Material hardship, social adversity, perceived racial discrimination, physical abuse, anxiety, and depression were not associated with birthweight.

    Conclusions

    The negative role of an impoverished living environment and feelings of helplessness, as well as the positive role of having a stable form of social support, suggest new directions for research on the causes of low birthweight and the ethnic disparities in US birth outcomes.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance, Ethnie, Mode de vie, Etude comparative, Facteur risque, Nouveau né, Homme, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Birth weight, Ethnic group, Life habit, Comparative study, Risk factor, Newborn, Human, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0364100

    Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 12/09/1997.