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  1. Fulltext. Childhood abuse and the use of inhalants : Differences by degree of use.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    Using two existing ethnographic studies of drug-involved adults, this study evaluates the association between child-abuse victimization and levels of involvement in inhalant use.

    Methods

    Historical accounts of childhood exposure to physical or sexual abuse were compared among nonusers of inhalants (n=197), light inhalant users (n=64), and heavy inhalant users (n=24).

    Crude and adjusted odds ratios were used to compare informants with no history of inhalant use with those having a history of light inhalant use and those having a history of heavy inhalant use.

    Results

    Heavy inhalant use was associated with history of any child abuse (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=4.6) and physical abuse (adjusted OR=3.8).

    Light inhalant use showed no association with child-abuse history.

    Conclusions

    Child abuse may be an Inportant correlate of extensive involvement in inhalant use.

    The findings invite speculation with respect to a hypothetical causal role for child abuse in the etiology of inhalant use.

    The lack of support for causality in this study underscores the need for replication and more carefully designed longitudinal research.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Abus sexuel, Enfant, Homme, Toxicomanie, Substance toxicomanogène, Inhalation, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Victimologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual abuse, Child, Human, Drug addiction, Drug of abuse, Inhalation, Epidemiology, Risk factor, United States, North America, America, Victimology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0364096

    Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 12/09/1997.