This study compared prevalence of substance use among high school seniors in rural and urban areas from 1976 through 1992.
We used data collected for these years from urban (n=75 916) and rural (n=51 182) high school seniors.
Thirty-day prevalence for alcohol cigarettes, marijuana, cocaine, LSD, and inhalant use, binge drinking, smoking a pack or more of cigarettes a day, and daily alcohol and marijuana use were evaluated.
Substance use declined from 1976 through 1992.
In 1976, urban students had greater prevalence for most substances, but by 1992, rural and urban students were similar, with rural students having higher prevalence for alcohol and cigarette use (particularly excessive use).
Trends were similar for both sexes, though rural girls showed a later catch-up to use leves of urban girls.
Rural students are currently at risk approximately equal to that of urban students.
Other studies have demonstrated the association of substance use with increased morbidity and mortality. policy alterations and health education programs should address this apttern in the nation's rural areas.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Tabagisme, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Ethanol, Etude comparative, Prévalence, Evolution, Tendance, Homme, Etudiant, Zone rurale, Zone urbaine, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Tobacco smoking, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Ethanol, Comparative study, Prevalence, Evolution, Trend, Human, Student, Rural area, Urban area, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0364095
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 12/09/1997.