Socioeconomic inequity in health care : A study of services utilization in Curaçao.
The aim of this study is to examine whether there is socioeconomic equity in health care utilization in Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles.
We explore how educational level is related to utilization of GPs, specialists, hospitals, dentists and physiotherapists, taking into account the effects of sex, age and inequalities in health.
The study also examines whether these relationships vary according to the unit of analysis : probability (or incidence) of services use versus overall volume of contacts.
The data were derived from the Curaçao Health Study, a health interview survey among a random sample (N=2248) of the non-institutionalized population aged 18 and over.
The results indicate that there is socioeconomic inequity in the probability of health care utilization in Curaçao.
People with a higher educational level are more likely to consult a specialist, dentist or physiotherapist, and are also more likely to be hospitalized.
This is not only the case when the mediating effects of socioeconomic inequalities in health (need) are taken into account, but also before adjustment for health inequalities.
In other words : there appears to be both vertical inequity (i.e. greater needs for services are not met by greater use) and horizontal inequity (i.e. similar needs for care are not met by similar levels of services use).
The observed inequalities in use of specialists and hospitals contrast with findings from international research. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Inégalité, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Utilisation, Service santé, Santé, Homme, Niveau étude, Age, Sexe, Petites Antilles Néerlandaises, Antilles, Amérique Centrale, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Inequality, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Use, Health service, Health, Human, Education level, Age, Sex, Netherlands Antilles, West Indies, Central America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0364004
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 12/09/1997.