We evaluated endurance running performance and body mass index (BMI) in relation to biochemical cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk indicators (s-lipids, s-insulin, s-ferritin), and blood pressure in 14-and 17-year-old healthy Swedish adolescents (n=879), also considering current dietary intake and physical activity.
Endurance running performance was assessed using a 3 km running test and height, body weight, waist and hip circumference, and skinfolds were measured at clinical examination.
Physical activity and dietary intake were evaluated using self-reported 7-day-records.
The results showed that high endurance running performance was related to a favourable CVD risk indicator profile.
Multiple regression analyses including running time, BMI, physical activity, dietary fat and iron intake, and age as independent and s-lipids, s-insulin, and s-ferritin as dependent variables revealed that, in both boys and girls, low BMI was associated to a favourable s-lipid profile and lower s-insulin values and, in boys but not in girls, also to lower s-ferritin values.
There were, however, no independent associations between level of physical activity or endurance running performance on the one side and s-lipids, s-insulin, or s-ferritin values on the other.
High dietary fat intake was associated to s-lipids in a non-atherogenic direction ; in boys to higher HDL-C and in girls to lower TG. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Course, Endurance, Performance physique, Indice masse corporelle, Pression sanguine, Lipide, Régime alimentaire, Facteur risque, Cardiopathie, Suède, Europe, Epidémiologie, Sport, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Hémodynamique, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Running locomotion, Endurance, Physical performance, Body mass index, Blood pressure, Lipids, Diet, Risk factor, Heart disease, Sweden, Europe, Epidemiology, Sport, Cardiovascular disease, Hemodynamics, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0363236
Code Inist : 002A24. Création : 12/09/1997.