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  1. Fulltext. Adverse childhood experiences : Are they risk factors for adult homelessness ?

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    We tested the hypothesis that adverse childhood experiences are risk factors for adult homelessness.

    Methods

    We interviewed a nationally representative sample-of 92 US household members who had previously been homeless and a comparison group of 395 individuals with no prior homelessness.

    We assessed childhood adversity with a structured protocol that included a previously validated scale indicating lack of care from parents and single-item measures of physical and sexual abuse.

    Results

    Lack of care from a parent during childhood sharply increased the likelihood of subsequent homelessness (odds ratio [OR]=13), as did physical abuse (OR 16).

    Sexual abuse during childhood was associated with a nonsignificant trend toward homelessness (OR=1.7).

    The risk of subsequent homelessness among individuals who experienced both lack of care and either type of abuse was dramatically increased compared with subjects reporting neither of these adversities (OR=26).

    Conclusions

    Adverse childhood experiences are powerful risk factors for adult homelessness.

    Effectively reducing child abuse and neglect may ultimately help prevent critical social problems including homelessness.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Sans domicile fixe, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Expérience infantile, Adulte, Homme, Abus sexuel, Victimologie, Enfant maltraité, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Homeless, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Infantile experience, Adult, Human, Sexual abuse, Victimology, Child abuse, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0363044

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 12/09/1997.