We tested the hypothesis that adverse childhood experiences are risk factors for adult homelessness.
We interviewed a nationally representative sample-of 92 US household members who had previously been homeless and a comparison group of 395 individuals with no prior homelessness.
We assessed childhood adversity with a structured protocol that included a previously validated scale indicating lack of care from parents and single-item measures of physical and sexual abuse.
Lack of care from a parent during childhood sharply increased the likelihood of subsequent homelessness (odds ratio [OR]=13), as did physical abuse (OR 16).
Sexual abuse during childhood was associated with a nonsignificant trend toward homelessness (OR=1.7).
The risk of subsequent homelessness among individuals who experienced both lack of care and either type of abuse was dramatically increased compared with subjects reporting neither of these adversities (OR=26).
Adverse childhood experiences are powerful risk factors for adult homelessness.
Effectively reducing child abuse and neglect may ultimately help prevent critical social problems including homelessness.
Mots-clés Pascal : Sans domicile fixe, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Expérience infantile, Adulte, Homme, Abus sexuel, Victimologie, Enfant maltraité, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Homeless, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Infantile experience, Adult, Human, Sexual abuse, Victimology, Child abuse, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0363044
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 12/09/1997.