Standardized estimates of the prevalence of substance use by runaway and homeless youth between the ages of 12 and 21 in various settings were compared with each other and with estimates for youth in the general population.
Four surveys were used :
(1) a nationally representative survey of runaway and homeless youth residing in federally and non-federally funded shelters ;
(2) a multicity survey of street youth ;
(3) a nationally representative household survey of youth with and without recent runaway and homeless experiences ;
and (4) a nationally representative household survey of youth whose previous runaway/homeless status was unknown.
For almost every substance, substance use prevalence was highest among street youth.
Shelter youth and household youth with recent runaway/homeless experiences reported similar rates.
In the household surveys, substance use rates were lowest and were generally comparable.
Many homeless and runaway youth use tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs at rates substantially higher than nonrun-away and nonhomeless youth, indicating a need for comprehensive and intensive substance abuse prevention and treatment services for these youth.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Tabagisme, Alcoolisme, Epidémiologie, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune, Sans domicile fixe, Prévalence, Mode de vie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Tobacco smoking, Alcoholism, Epidemiology, Adolescent, Human, Young adult, Homeless, Prevalence, Life habit, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0363041
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 12/09/1997.