The Vietnam and Persian Gulf wars have awakened people to the realization that military service can be traumatizing for women as well as men.
This study investigated the etiological roles of both war and sexual trauma in the development of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder among female Vietnam veterans.
Data from the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study for 396 Vietnam theater women and 250 Vietnam era women were analyzed with structural equation modeling.
An etiological model with highly satisfactory fit and parsimony was developed.
Exposure to war trauma contributed to the probability of posttraumatic stress disorder in theater women, as did sexual trauma in both theater and era women.
Lack of social support at the time of homecoming acted as a powerful mediator of trauma for both groups of women.
Within the constraints and assumptions of causal modeling, there is evidence that both war trauma and sexual trauma are powerful contributors to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder among female Vietnam veterans.
Mots-clés Pascal : Posttraumatisme syndrome, Ancien combattant, Epidémiologie, Femme, Homme, Vietnam, Asie, Stress, Abus sexuel, Guerre, Américain
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Posttraumatic syndrome, Veteran, Epidemiology, Woman, Human, Vietnam, Asia, Stress, Sexual abuse, War, American
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0363031
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 12/09/1997.