This study examined a strategy to prevent homelessness among individuals with severe mental illness by providing a bridge between institutional and community care.
Ninety-six men with severe mental illness who were entering community housing from a shelter institution were randomized to receive 9 months of a « critical time » intervention plus usual services or usual services only.
The primary analysis compared the mean number of homeless nights for the two groups during the 18-month follow-up period.
To elucidate time trends, survival curves were used.
Over the 18-month follow-up period, the average number of homeless nights was 30 for the critical time intervention group and 91 for the usual services group.
Survival curves showed that after the 9-month period of active intervention, the difference between the two groups did not diminish.
Strategies that focus on critical time of transition may contribute to the prevention of recurrent homelessness among individuals with mental illness, even after the period of active intervention.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Homme, Sans domicile fixe, Récidive, Prévention, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Continuité soins
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Human, Homeless, Relapse, Prevention, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0362612
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 12/09/1997.