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  1. Ulcerative colitis in Oman : A prospective study of the incidence and disease pattern from 1987 to 1994.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    Inflammatory bowel disease has been reported to have varying frequencies in different parts of the world, and there seem to be significant differences in the disease pattern and clinical course in cases of ulcerative colitis (UC).

    The aim of the present study was to assess the incidence and disease pattern of UC in Oman.

    Method 

    A prospective study, over a period of 8 years (1987-1994), was performed to study 108 patients found to have UC.

    Results 

    The annual incidence of UC was 1.35/100,000.

    The disease was mainly seen in the middle and upper middle class group, and the majority were nonsmokers or exsmokers.

    There was no significant difference in the incidence of the disease between nationalities or sexes.

    Total colitis was seen in 18%, and a significant number had disease extending up to the splenic flexure.

    Proctitis was seen in 8%. Although, the extent of the disease was similar to reports from the West, these patients had fewer hospital admissions, blood transfusions and none of them suffered local complications such as toxic dilatation, perforation or severe bleeding.

    Sclerosing cholangitis occurred in 2 patients

    Patients were followed up for a maximum period of up to 7 years after diagnosis and none developed dysplasia or cancer.

    Three patients had surgery mainly for failure of medical treatment.

    Conclusions 

    From this report it seems that UC occurs in Oman at a lower frequency compared to the West. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Rectocolite ulcérohémorragique, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Facteur risque, Complication, Prospective, Etude comparative, Oman, Asie, Evaluation, Développement maladie, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Maladie inflammatoire, Organisation santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ulcerative colitis, Epidemiology, Incidence, Risk factor, Complication, Prospective, Comparative study, Oman, Asia, Evaluation, Disease development, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Inflammatory disease, Public health organization

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0361212

    Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 12/09/1997.